Diabetes and obesity are the highest public health challenges of this Century according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC). The following supporting statistics are mind-boggling;
- Diabetes currently affects over 371 million people globally and the number is anticipated to escalate to 552 million by 2030.
- Obesity on the other hand currently affects nearly thirty percent of the world population ̶ a staggering 2.1 billion in total.
- In 2013, the diabetes and obesity rates escalated by 6 percent and 57 percent respectively.
- After every 3 seconds, somebody somewhere is diagnosed with diabetes.
Even though obesity and diabetes risk factors are always associated with family history, age and race, it is becoming more and more clear that the modern lifestyle led by most individuals globally also contributes significantly to the development of both conditions. For instance, the popularity of junk foods as well as sedentary lifestyle has been discovered to lead to obesity and to some extent diabetes.
Could There Be A Relationship Between Diabetes and Obesity?
Of the individuals diagnosed with Type II diabetes, over 80 percent were also diagnosed with obesity. This finding provides an intriguing clue to the link between these two conditions. Understanding what causes obesity can help human beings to stay safe from diabetes.
Being overweight puts a lot of damage on a person’s body in a number of ways including its inability to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. In fact, if the body is overweight, it can become resistant to insulin. For individuals who already have diabetes, this means they will need to take even more insulin to get sugar into their cells. For those who have not yet been affected by this metabolic disease, the long-term effects of the insulin resistance could one day cause them to develop the disease.
Can Diabetes Be Cured?
There is currently no cure for diabetes but it can be treated and controlled. However, going by the recent discoveries, there seems to be a light at the end of the tunnel. The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston recently carried out a research and it revealed that individuals with high brown adipose tissue (BAT) cells have faster metabolism, higher insulin sensitivity as well as better blood sugar control. The Brown Adipose Tissue is a type of fat present in all humans that acts as a super calorie burner. Due to this, there will be soon numerous pharmaceutical interventions to activate brown fat. The BAT will likely crop up as a therapeutic target in the war against not only diabetes but obesity as well.
How Does the BAT Work To Prevent or Cure Diabetes?
The Brown Adipose Tissue acts as a “super vacuum” to suck up excess blood sugar. It achieves this by releasing large quantities of a certain substance that transports glucose into its cells. Once in the cells, the glucose is metabolized to produce heat through a process known as “thermogenesis.” Scientists believe that if the tissue can be activated to breakdown glucose and generate heat, then it can actually in a way eliminate excess blood sugar leading to healing from diabetes as well as weight loss.
The excessive production of this substance that transports glucose is the key.BAT cells do this at a more efficient rate than other mechanisms the body uses to absorb blood sugar. For instance, when activated, the cells release over ten times the amount of this special substance than insulin. (Read about Diabetes Miracle Cure Program which is based on this theory which reverses diabetes permanently)
For individuals with type II diabetes, whose systems don’t utilize insulin efficiently and as a consequence have high blood sugar levels, this ground-breaking discovery could lead to new medications that are able to activate BAT cells and lower the glucose levels without insulin. This is an absolutely new pathway that can be targeted for breaking down excessive glucose in the blood. The discovery has helped to connect the dots between years of findings, indicating that better understanding the BAT could lead to new therapies for diabetes and obesity. The tissue, which is typically located around the spinal cord and the neck is more abundant in young people than old. Obese or overweight individuals have less of it. It increases in amount within cold environments and conversely decreases within warm environments.
How to Prevent Obesity
As seen before, obesity is in some way connected to diabetes. In order to stay safe from diabetes, it is critical to avoid being obese or overweight. Here are a few tips and hints on how to help prevent it;
- Avoid Sedentary Lifestyle
Staying active is a critical step in preventing obesity. Everyone is encouraged to join a yoga class or gym to stay slim and trim. People should avoid elevators and instead take the stairs, walk or cycle to their destinations if the distance is not too far away rather than using a car. In addition, they should do household chores themselves rather than relying on gadgets .Simple steps such as these can go a long way in preventing obesity and weight gain.
2) Eat Healthy
Stick to a healthy diet that will provide you with at least 2000 calories each day. Make sure that you include fruits, vegetables, lean meat, dairy items as well as legumes. To avoid weight gain or obesity, you should not take daily calories that surpass the figure specified above.
3) Drink Enough Water
It is easy to mistake thirst for hunger and rush to eat when the actual thing your body might be missing is water. Drink plenty of water perhaps 8 to 10 glasses each day to flush out impurities and toxins from your system. Whenever you feel the urge to eat, first try drinking water and see if that satisfies you because chances are it will kill that urge. Water is a great way to fight hunger pangs thereby preventing you from over feeding.
4) Eat Only When Necessary
Many people have developed a habit of eating as a hobby not realizing that this is a very dangerous interest. Everyone should eat only when he/she is hungry, in fact this is what naturally thin individuals do. If you do not experience hunger pangs at a regular mealtime, then reduce your portion size and consume just adequate amount to keep you strong for the rest of the day. Thus to stay safe from weight gain or obesity, make sure you eat only when necessary.